Alopecia, or alopecia areata, is an autoimmune disorder that causes sudden hair loss in small round patches around the head and/or face. Alopecia can affect anyone regardless of age or gender, as the immune system attacks the hair follicles.
Alopecia causes the hair follicles to shrink, and it slows down the growth of new hair follicles. Genetics plays a big part in developing alopecia areata, because one in five patients with alopecia has a relative who also has it. Research has also found that having family members with other autoimmune disorders will heighten a person’s risk of developing alopecia areata.
This type of hair loss can develop quickly, even over a few days. Fortunately, there are several types of treatments for this condition. Some of the most popular treatments for alopecia are listed below:
These hormone-based anti-inflammatory drugs work to suppress the immune system. The application can be through injection, topical ointment, or oral ingestion.
Injection is generally the fastest and most effective mode of delivering corticosteroids to treat hair loss. If you receive this treatment, your dermatologist will administer it every four to six weeks. New hair growth is usually visible within four weeks.
Best known as Rogaine, this treatment involves applying a 5% topical minoxidil solution on your skin once or twice a day. This solution helps stimulate the hair on the scalp, face, and/or eyebrows.
Minoxidil is more effective when applied in combination with another corticosteroid. When a person’s hair fully grows back with topical minoxidil, there will be no need to continue the medication any longer.
Anthralin is a topical substance that looks like tar. It is applied to the affected patches once a day and rinsed off after 30 minutes to an hour.
In some cases, the ointment can be left on for several hours before rinsing. Results are usually visible within three months.
Topical immunotherapy is frequently used to treat extensive alopecia areata, alopecia totalis (total baldness of the scalp), and alopecia universalis (universal hair loss throughout the body). It involves applying certain chemicals to the affected area in order to induce dermatitis and thereby change the immune response.
Research shows that approximately 40% of patients who use this treatment regrow scalp hair after about six months of topical immunotherapy.
Doctors used to perform this surgery manually, and the recovery time would be long and difficult. But robotic technology is now employed to assist the doctor for a more precise and less-invasive procedure. It involves using tiny sections of your remaining hair to help regrow thinning or bald areas.
First, the robot scans the patient’s head to find the best hair follicles. The doctor then guides the robot to carefully extract the healthy hair follicles for placement elsewhere on the patient’s head.
The robotic technology is then used to place the extracted follicles in the exact locations that need more hair. The direction of hair growth is also considered during placement. The result looks natural and heals relatively quickly.
Hair-Loss Treatment in New Jersey
If you are developing alopecia or another type of hair loss and you want the best possible way to treat it, it may be time to consult a professional. Your hair-loss physician will work with you to determine the best approach for your hair loss, whether it be topical medications, injectable medications, or a hair transplant surgery.
If you would like to schedule a consultation at Iorio Hair Restoration of New Jersey, call us today at (732) 780-9191 or request an appointment online. We will provide the personal analysis and treatment you desire in order to achieve the look you want!